Appendix A

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Accreditation is a peer evaluation process utilized in educational settings to determine the degree to which an institution or a program is meeting its pre-established mission, goals, and objectives and is complying with educational and operational standards of its respective accrediting body(ies). If institutions are not achieving and complying with these goals and standards, a secondary but equally important purpose of accreditation is to provide them with expert guidance on how to improve and to monitor their efforts. It is not the purpose of accreditation to stifle educational innovation and practice, to prevent diversity in educational curricula and delivery systems, or to enforce regulatory procedures imposed on institutions by other agencies. It is the responsibility of an accrediting body, however, to follow and to enforce its own pre-established criteria and procedures and, ultimately, within parameters of procedural consistency and fairness, to remove accredited status from those institutions and programs that cannot or do not comply with them.

Career education refers to that type of education and training provided by postsecondary institutions and entities which concentrate on the transfer of knowledge and the development of competencies necessary for a person to function as a productive employee in business, industry, government, or self-employed occupations. Curriculums for this type of education and training are concentrated and feature workplace internships and other practical experience. The curriculums may or may not include general education as that term is normally defined; and the programs, with or without general education, may provide for the awarding of a degree, certificate, or diploma upon completion.